bigleaf maple distribution

Bigleaf maple is suitable for most furniture design applications, and the lower grades perform well as pallet stock. P. 33-40 in Silvics of North America, Volume 2, Hardwoods. In most fall seasons the leaves of bigleaf maple turn brown, but during a sunny autumn, the leaves turn yellow - never red. Delayed establishment of bigleaf maple seedlings in conifer plantations is a sensible strategy, since maple naturally establishes and grows under partial cover. Management should target a spacing regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in young stands or clumps.

Size, Longevity, and Form Mature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. HIBBS. Flooding for more than 2 months during the growing season will kill maples of all ages. Maple is most abundant in the Puget Sound region of Washington and the Northwest region of Oregon.

The 10–15-centimetre (4–6-inch)-long raceme of greenish-yellow flowers appear as the leaves are developing in the spring. Herbaceous associates include maidenhair fern, western swordfern, ladyfern, red woodsorrel, false lily-of-the-valley, prince’s-pine, spreading sweetroot, and twinflower. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. The greenish-yellow flowers are pollinated by insects within 2 to 4 weeks after bud-burst. This figured material is utilized for thin-sliced, decorative veneers for furniture and architectural paneling. General distribution: Bigleaf maple grows in mountainous regions. The outstanding performance of bigleaf maple cultivated in nurseries and back yards indicates great potential for management of seedlings in the field. Bigleaf maple can continue to grow in diameter and respond to released growing space for at least 30 to 40 years. Regeneration from Seed Most bigleaf trees produce seed every year, although the amount may vary greatly from year to year. In fall they'll turn lovely shades of yellow or …

Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. [16] Native Americans used the wood to make canoe paddles.

To maintain stem quality in plantations, seedlings may need to be protected from deer, planted in high densities, and correctively pruned. 1984.

Common epiphytes are licorice fern, club moss (Selaginella oregano), and other mosses (Hylocomium splendens, Leucolepis menziesii, Isothecium stoloniferum, and Neckera menziesii) and lichens (Cladonia, Nephroma, and Crocynia spp.). While it is not as strong as the eastern hard maples, it performs better in most tests than the soft maples. Open-grown trees usually develop broad, rounded crowns, with branches that often grow low to the ground, and trunks from 2 to 5 feet (0.6-2 m) DBH, . Basal sprouts stimulated by cutting or burning can dominate other vegetation in the new stand. According to observations of naturalists and beekeepers. Shaded trees are usually pyramidal in form, with narrow crowns and clear, straight boles for one-half to two-thirds of their lengths. Because this species tends to establish in patches or clumps, it may be sensible to manage bigleaf maple in monospecific patches in mixture with other trees. The fruit is a bristly, bewinged achene or samara bearing one seed/wing. Bigleaf maple has the largest leaves of any North American maple, ranging from 4 to 10 inches (10-25 cm) across.

Product Recovery Sawlogs generally have a minimum diameter of 7 to 10 in.

No major pests […] As with other fine-grain, hardwoods, surface scratching associated with sanding (swirls and cross-grain) can be a problem, although not to the same degree as with the hard maples. Several stems originating from the same stump may form a cluster. The flowers Big Leaf Maple produces in spring in pendulous racemes 10–15 cm (4–6 in) long, greenish-yellow with inconspicuous petals.

Interest in commercially producing syrup from bigleaf maple sap has been limited.

Control of competing vegetation should improve on the low rates of establishment and slow growth observed for maple in the presence of dense understory vegetation.

Geographic Range Bigleaf maple is native to the Pacific Northwest at low to middle elevations from San Diego to Vancouver Island (lat 33 to 51°N). One mill study conducted with NHLA standard grades rather than modified red alder and maple grades found a percentage recovery of No. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized. The flowers appear before the leaves in early spring. Figured bigleaf maple is exceptionally beautiful when clear-coated. Honkala, coords. It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska to southern California. Removal of overstory trees can stimulate rapid growth on bigleaf maple in the understory. Big Leaf Maple can grow up to 157.80 feet (48.10 m) tall,[5][6] but more commonly reaches 15–20 m (50–65 ft) tall.

The carpenter worm (Prionoxystus robinae) can cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes. Burns and B.H. maximum). Germination and establishment rates are best under partial shade. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2223-2228. Maple is polygamous, bearing both male flowers and perfect flowers in one cylindrical raceme. Research Contribution 8. It is quite tolerant and commonly establishes in forest understories, where it can persist for long periods. Bigleaf maple is deep-rooted; hence, it is ranked low in susceptibility to windthrow. Bigleaf maple seeds are typically sown in fall, soon after collection. Timber Inventory Substantial volumes of bigleaf maple occur in every subregion of the Northwest (Appendix 1, Table 1). Maple tolerates moisture stress as low as -20 bars (-2 MPa, nocturnal), which is a low value for broadleaved deciduous trees. 3 Shop, and Frame. To ensure a supply of maple seedlings, arrangements must first be made for collection of seed and for production of seedlings at a qualified nursery.

kimballi Harrar) is occasionally found in Washington. Uses Bigleaf maple is used for furniture, veneer, paneling, hardwood plywood, musical instruments, moulding, pallets, turnery, pulpwood, and firewood. Male and female flowers are clustered on the same raceme. G-4. Mechanical Properties The strength properties of bigleaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity. Dense brush and understory vegetation inhibit natural regeneration. Both were in the adjoining grassy area which was originally the cemetery of All Hallows and is now the Front Square of TCD.[24]. Its most common association are Douglas-fir, grand-fir, red alder, Sitka spruce, western redcedar, western hemlock, Pacific dogwood, and Pacific madrone. It does not tolerate sustained flooding. Trees are generally as wide-spreading as they are tall.

The species is moderately shade tolerant, occurs on coarse, gravelly moist soils, and occasionally occupies newly disturbed sites.

The understory vegetation associated with maple can be quite different from that in adjacent conifer forests. Neil's Bigleaf Maple Syrup.

[citation needed], Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region.[11].

Associated Vegetation Bigleaf maple is commonly found in association with almost all other tree species in its range. It is widespread in the Coast Ranges, the Klamath-Siskiyou Mountains, and the foothills of the Cascade Range and the northern Sierra Nevada, , obtaining best development in southern Oregon, . Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. Stand Management Diameter growth of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space. Gross annual volume growth on these plots was about 140 ft3 per acre. in DBH (133 in.

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