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drancy concentration camp


The conditions of life were extremely difficult, due to neglect of personal, ordinary human needs, adequate food, unsanitary conditions, and over-crowding. It is under the proposal of the Prime Minister Laval that all the children were arrested. The Drancy transit camp was an internment camp located just outside of Paris (six miles to the north). They didn't do much labor because they were quickly sent to forced labor and extermination Prezi When the camp was liberated in 1944, about 1,500 people remained. 2015.

Web. The children stayed sometimes weeks in Drancy, without any proper care or adequate food.

It was organised in 1941 to collect French Jews and particularly foreign Jews who had escaped to France before the invasion by the Germans. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Drancy_internment_camp&oldid=6933879, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The children were separated from their parents by the French police immediately after their arrival in Drancy.

During the 2nd world war, the 'Cité de la Muette' was requisitioned as an internment camp to be used as a transit detention camp … Drancy Transit Camp The Drancy transit camp was an internment camp located just outside of Paris (six miles to the north). Nearly 70,000 people were rounded up, including resistance fighters, Roma people, and others considered "undesirable". Tel : + 33 (0)1 42 77 44 72 Fax : + 33 (0)1 53 01 17 44 > [email protected] 10 a.m. to 6 …

HistoryLearning.com. In 1941, the first raids against Jews was ordered by the Nazis and conducted by the French police. As the Allies approached Paris in August 1944, the camp guards fled (after destroying the camp's files) and the remaining 1500 inmates were liberated on 17 August. Barbie's most impressive duty up to that time had been to execute Dutch Jews.

It would take around a day and a half for the prisoners to be transported from Drancy to Auschwitz, with the Jews having to endure the journey while tightly squeeze into rail carts designed for cattle.


These camps were guarded by the French police and in the summer 1940, all refugees were handed over the Nazis. The Drancy camp was mainly used as a detention and assembly camp for Jews. The Nazis first started using Drancy in August 1941, after they had taken Paris. *Annette Kahn "Why My Father Died.".

Klaus Barbie, the notorious "Butcher of Lyon" was promoted from Holland to Dijon in the Occupied Zone of France, in June 1942, after having earned an "Iron Cross" decoration, for his success in killing Jews and shipping many to their deaths. It is estimated that around 75,000 Jews, of which 11,000 were children, were deported by the Nazi party from France and a great many of these people began their journey at the Drancy transit camp. The parents were transported to Auschwitz and gassed. *On June 11, 1941 : three hundred boys between 14 and 19 years of age are sent to Mauthausen in Austria where they will test the effectiveness of the gas chambers.

Drancy internment camp was founded in 1939 for this use; it later became the central transit camp through which all deportees passed on their way to concentration and extermination camps in the Third Reich and Eastern Europe. The code name of this operation was "Vent printanier" (Spring Wind) and all the arrests were made by the French police under the control of French police officials. More than 6000 Jewish children from all the regions of France were arrested and transported to their deaths between July 17th and September 30th, 1942. In 1939, before the Nazis invaded France, the French government had opened camps (like Gurs or Noe) designed to receive the Spanish refugees escaping from the fascist regime of Franco. In 1995, the president Chirac has finally admitted the responsibility of the Vichy regime during a speech in memory of the victims of the "Grande Rafle".

"Drancy Transit Camp". But the conditions before they even stepped on the train were already dreadful; the Jews were subjected to terrible treatment while they were held at Drancy.

About us  |   The camp of Drancy was a transit camp located not far from Paris. Originally, up until 3 July 1943 it was the French Police who were responsible for running the camp, but after this point the Nazis managed it themselves. Finally, they were all transported to Auschwitz and gassed upon their arrival. Terms of Use  |   The history of the concentration camps in France is a very difficult and sensitive subject. Privacy Policy. Drancy was under the control of the French police until 1943 when administration was taken over by … The children were kept there for 5 miserable days without any food or medical care and then they were transferred to Drancy, Beaune-la-Rolande or Pithiviers. More than 12800 (3031 men, 5802 women and 4051 children aged between 2 and 12) were transferred to the Velodrome d'Hiver. This makes Drancy the single most significant site of the Shoah in the whole of France (ahead of France's only concentration camp proper, Natzweiler-Struthof in Alsace).

One Jew who made the journey, Felix Szmidt, recounted the journey: “I will never forget the awful way we were penned together for a day and a half in the train. It was also seen as an ideal location because Drancy had originally been built to serve as a large public housing project, meaning it was equipped to deal with the large numbers of Jew who were sent there. There were roughly 2,000 people still in Darcy awaiting deportation when the the camp was liberated by the Allies on 17 August 1944. There were several other camps like Drancy in France: Noe, Gurs, Recebedou, ... During more than 40 years, the French Government refused to admit the responsibility of the regime of Petain and the French police in the deportation of the French Jews.

During the nights of July 16th and July 17th, 1942 an incident occurred now called "La Rafle du Vel' d'Hiv" (The Great Raid of the 'Vel d'Hiv') - The Velodrome d'Hiver was a stadium in Paris designed for bike races. Proof exists that more than 3000 prisoners died in the French camps from lack of medical care or starvation. Drancy internment camp was a concentration camp in France during its occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II.It was organised in 1941 to collect French Jews and particularly foreign Jews who had escaped to France before the invasion by the Germans. Originally, only the Jews who were older than age 16 had to be arrested. They were quickly transferred to various concentration camps in Germany and very few of them survived. Mémorial de la Shoah de Drancy. After that, they were put on railroad carts and sent east, to concentration camps, from which most did not return alive. 65,000 Jews were deported from Drancy, of whom 63,000 were murdered including 6,000 children.Only 2,000 remained alive when Allied forces liberated the camp on 17 August 1944. The center’s mission is to present the history of the Drancy camp. Brunner was later tried (in absence) and sentenced to death, but remained at large until his death in 2010. The victims of these raids were transferred to Drancy. The Shoah Memorial centre located in Drancy, a north-east Paris suburb in France. Several babies and very young children died in Drancy due to the lack of care and the brutality of the French guards.

The Memorial building on the internment camp faces the social housing complex 'Cité de la Muette'.

And then, of those who were sent from France, very few returned. Because it had a nearby rail station this meant it was the ideal place to hold Jewish prisoners who were to be sent to the death camps, which were located across Poland.
There were no survivors.

Drancy (France) The history of the concentration camps in France is a very difficult and sensitive subject.In 1939, before the Nazis invaded France, the French government had opened camps (like Gurs or Noe) designed to receive the Spanish refugees escaping from the fascist regime of Franco. The camp was suppose to be a holding point for 700 people at any one time but when it was at its peak it is believed that as many as 7,000 people. This page was last changed on 8 May 2020, at 21:24. There is much evidence about the brutality of the French guards in Drancy.

After this, the French were removed and replaced by German SS men led by Alois Brunner, which increased the efficiency of the deportations. The Drancy internment camp of Paris, France, was used to hold Jews who were later deported to the extermination camps. (The French destroyed the stadium after the war). Because it had a nearby rail station this meant it was the ideal place to hold Jewish prisoners who were to be sent to the death camps, which were located across Poland. Drancy internment camp was a concentration camp in France during its occupation by Nazi Germany during World War II. 110-112, avenue Jean-Jaurès 93700 Drancy. Until 1943, the camp was administered by French police under German supervision. How people could do such things to one another defies belief.". Like many other camps in France, it was created by the government of Philippe PÈtain and was under the control of the French police. This police operation had been organized after several discussions between the government of Petain and the Nazi occupation administration.

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