ezra summary

He tells Darius that they all went to see the temple being constructed in Jerusalem. Ezra was a priest, and a scribe, a descendent of Eleazar. Of these 67 Aramaic verses, 52 are in Ezra explains their sin to them, telling the people to confess to God and then separate from their foreign wives. memoirs c. 430. But the matter must be left open. and some of the people settle in their own towns outside the city. They reach Jerusalem, remaining there three days before presenting the silver, the gold, and the vessels to the temple priests. of Ezra, Hebrew ʿezraʾ, (flourished 4th century bc, Babylon and Jerusalem), religious leader of the Jews who returned from exile in Babylon, reformer who reconstituted the Jewish community on the basis of the Torah (Law, or the regulations of the first five books of the Old Testament). People of the Christian faith can this useful short summary of these Bible Scriptures for an online Bible study course or biblical studies. [15], Koresh of Ezra 1:1 is called "king of Persia", which title was introduced not by Cyrus the Great but by his grandson and probable namesake Xerxes (486–465 BC). No dice. Used with permission. The words for "singer," "gatekeeper" and "temple servants" are used almost This article contains an overview of the key events and Bible People found in Ezra in the Bible. as regulative for the life of the community; the "holy city" (Jerusalem) Author and Time of Writing.

The Levites come to Jerusalem and rejoice with singing, cymbals, harps, and lyres. Nehemiah sees that the people are pressing grapes and selling and buying food on the Sabbath. He commissions Ezra to govern Judah according to God's law, and to bring gifts of gold and silver from Artaxerxes and from the whole province of Babylonia, along with freewill offerings from the people and priests. He also says that people should give the Israelites gold, goods, animals, and offerings to God to help them in their mission. Cyrus, the king of Persia, helped the Jews return to Jerusalem according to Ezra Chapter 1. He tells it all: God destroying Pharaoh's army, God leading the people as a pillar of fire and a pillar of cloud, giving Moses the Law on Mount Sinai, and providing bread from heaven and water from the rock for the people in the wilderness. 3. He also instructs them through the prophets. The edict tells the people that God has appointed Cyrus the new ruler of this empire, and ordered him to build him a new temple in Jerusalem.

He then goes to the chamber of Johanan son of Eliashib, where he fasts and mourns about the people's faithlessness and bad choices in wives. The documents are similar to contemporary non-Biblical documents of the Persian period. He curses and beats some of the men who've married such women, and pulls out their hair, forcing them to swear to give up their foreign wives and kids. Nehemiah explains that he served as governor over Judah for twelve years. independence was not attained. He asks God to listen to his words, as he repents for his family and his nation's failure to keep God's commandments. [14] 1 Esdras (3 Esdras in the Vulgate) was considered apocryphal by Jerome. He also penned the 119th Psalm. [20] The pattern is completed with a final coda in which Nehemiah restores the belief of Yahweh. Ezra Chapter 1 is written much like a historical account of the rebuilding of Jerusalem from 536 to 436 BC. official sources. Ezra's voice breaks in at the end, praising God for inspiring the king and his officials to help and favor Ezra. So the people refuse to hang around these particular foreigners. Ezra organizes a fast by the river Ahava in order to gain God's protection, since he'd earlier refused the King's offer of cavalry protection, stating that God would defend them. The theological program of the book explains the many problems its chronological structure presents. They plot to attack the people of Judah. Inspired by God's spirit, he tells the Israelites that they can head home and rebuild their temple. the Law of Moses and the regulations instituted by David; the Law was reestablished in the king's 20th year (444; Ne 2:1,11). Ezra Summary by Jay Smith.


Ezra is informed that some of the Jews already in Jerusalem have married non-Jewish women. the first, which is in Hebrew): (1) the decree of Cyrus (1:2-4), (2) the accusation As the curtain rises and the orchestra dramatically swells, King Cyrus of Persia has just defeated the Babylonians. As a result, the royal court, the priests, the prophets and scribes were taken into captivity in the city of Babylon. The last four chapters, beginning with Chapter 7, continue the history after a gap of fifty-eight years --from the sixth of Darius to the seventh of Artaxerxes-- narrating his visit to Jerusalem, and giving an account of the reforms there accomplished, referred to under EZRA. While this rag-tag team is returning, they stop by a river near Ahava, and Ezra realizes they don't have any descendants of Levi with them. Cyrus, the King of Persia who conquered the Babylonians at the end of the book of Daniel, put out a decree that he wanted to build a house for the Lord in Jerusalem. It is said that Ezra came to Jerusalem in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes (which Artaxerxes is not stated) of the Persian dynasty then ruling the area. The book contains several documents presented as historical inclusions, written in Aramaic while the surrounding text is in Hebrew (1:2–4, 4:8–16, 4:17–22, 5:7–17, 6:3–5, 6:6–12, 7:12–26) So everyone goes to the hills to gather branches to build booths to live in temporarily. He ends by noting that he was cupbearer to the King of Persia, at this time. At the beginning of the seventh month, everyone gathers at the Water Gate in Jerusalem. Ezra’s role in the Bible. They also celebrate Passover. His efforts reached their climax when the people engaged in solemn covenant before God to enter into no more mixed marriages, to refrain from work on the sabbath, to levy on themselves an annual tax for the support of the Temple, regularly to present their tithes and offerings, and otherwise to comply with the demands of the Law. Ezra set out in the spring at the head of a sizable caravan and arrived four months later. Next Nehemiah writes another extremely long list. Inspired by God's spirit, he tells the Israelites that they can head home and rebuild their temple.

We have detailed a brief summary of the Book of Ezra for Bible Study or Sunday School lessons. People of the Christian faith can this useful short summary of these Bible Scriptures for an online Bible study course or biblical studies. indicates that Ezra and Nehemiah were originally two separate compositions, They all make a covenant agreeing to be obedient this time, signed with the names of the officials, priests, and Levites. They're essentially selling the people back into exile and slavery. Jehoiada's son is friends with that villainous Sanballat. They agree to give their first batch of dough to the priests. The priests and Levites purify themselves, the people, the wall, and the gates. This chapter begins with another huge list: priests and Levites. If we compare the last verses of 2 Chronicles (chap. [26], Seven purported Persian decrees of kings or letters to and from high officials are quoted in Ezra. His work helped make Judaism a religion in which law was central, enabling the Jews to survive as a community when they were dispersed all over the world.

He organizes a team of leaders and sends them to ask a guy named Iddo and his fellow temple servants at Casiphia to send them ministers for God's house. He tells Ezra to appoint judges and magistrates, and to instruct people in the law, punishing them however he needs to if they break it, including death or banishment. rebuild the wall (Ne 3), (7) those who sealed the covenant (Ne 10:1-27), (8) residents of Jerusalem and other towns (Ne 11:3-36) and (9) priests and Levites (Ne 12:1-26). He uses the example of King Solomon marrying foreign women as an example of how destructive it can be. The 1st-century Hellenistic Jewish historian Josephus states in his Antiquities that he died and was buried in Jerusalem. He goes through the number of people who dined at his table and what they typically ate in a day, along with how much wine they had for ten days. Ezra 8:35 "[Also] the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats [for] a sin offering: all [this was] a burnt offering unto the LORD."

Even with all that, the people were disobedient, building the golden calf while Moses was hard at work up on Mt. He also grants Nehemiah's request to send letters to the provincial governors granting him safe passage, and to tell Asaph, the guy who oversees the King's forest, to give him the wood he needs to do the rebuilding and to build himself a house as well. R.J. Coggins, "The books of Ezra and Nehemiah" (Cambridge University Press, 1976)p.107, quoted in, Successful suppression of Greek-supported revolt in Egypt, Throntveit, Mark A., "Ezra-Nehemiah" (John Knox Press, 1992), Blenkinsopp, Joseph, "Judaism, the first phase" (Eerdmans, 2009), Fensham, F. Charles, "The books of Ezra and Nehemiah" (Eerdmans, 1982), Coggins, R.J., "The books of Ezra and Nehemiah" (Cambridge University Press, 1976), Min, Kyung-Jin, "The Levitical authorship of Ezra-Nehemiah" (T&T Clark, 2004), Graham, M.P, and McKenzie, Steven L., "The Hebrew Bible today: an introduction to critical issues" (Westminster John Knox Press, 1998), "St. Jerome, The Prologue on the Book of Ezra: English translation", Pakkala, Juha, "Ezra the scribe: the development of Ezra 7–10 and Nehemiah 8" (Walter de Gryter, 2004), Grabbe, L.L., "A history of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period, Volume 1" (T&T Clark, 2004), Blenkinsopp, Joseph, "Ezra-Nehemiah: A Commentary" (Eerdmans, 1988), Coggins, R.J., "The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah" (Cambridge University Press, 1976), Grabbe, L.L., "Ezra-Nehemiah" (Routledge, 1998), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_of_Ezra&oldid=983635651, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Directive to the Jews to rebuild the Temple and first return of the exiles to Jerusalem. Near 520 BC after the takeover by Nebuchadnezzar, ultimately King Cyrus of Persia arose to power, and he decided to aid the Jews to return to Jerusalem. Together with the Book of Nehemiah, it represents the final chapter in the historical narrative of the Hebrew Bible. When Israel's enemies—Sanballat, Tobiah, and Geshem again—hear that the wall's been completed, they ask to meet with Nehemiah. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Everyone turns off their phones and listens. CHAPTER 7. There are so many that it takes months to figure it all out. and records events up to 450 B.C. Since he is introduced before Nehemiah, who was governor of the province of Judah from 445 to 433 bc and again, after an interval, for a second term of unknown length, it is sometimes supposed that this was the seventh year of Artaxerxes I (458 bc), though serious difficulties are attached to such a view.

Things stay that way until Darius comes to power in Persia. Nehemiah also commands the Levites to purify themselves and guard the gates to make sure the Sabbath is kept holy.

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