irish surnames

I came across this great resource by Barry Griffin on the top Irish surnames in each county.. Mc joined with Mac so McMahon will appear as MacMahon. /{{ pronunciation }}/. The Quinns are primarily from Antrim, Clare, Longford, and Tyrone, where their surname is the most common. They can also be found in Limerick. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Surnames_of_Irish_origin&oldid=977369976, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 301–600 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 12:33. There is also a MacCarroll family (anglicized to MacCarvill) from the province of Ulster. The Normans may have come to Ireland as would-be conquerers, but they eventually became “more Irish than the Irish,” intermarrying with the Gaelic tribes and even adopting their language. Over the centuries, Ireland has attracted people from various cultures, all of which have left their mark on the landscape of Irish surnames. The Flynn surname can also be found in Clare, Cork, Kerry, and Roscommon. And is it a version of ó as in óHegarty?

Continuing change. Below the data, I have also shared his break down of every one of the top Irish surnames in each county. Murphy 2. After 1916 and Independence in 1922, that … Spelled de Faoite or Mac Faoitigh in Ireland, this common name stems mainly from the "le Whytes" who came to Ireland with the Anglo-Normans. Most, however, simply adopted a more Gaelic spelling and pronunciation for their Norman surnames: Some had their surnames translated literally. The O Connor family was one of three royal Irish families; they are from Clare, Derry, Galway, Kerry, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo and the province of Ulster. Sometimes modified to Shay. In fact, the man that many consider the quintessential Irish poet, William Butler Yeats, had a surname that was of English origin. The Martin surname, common in both England and Ireland, can be found primarily in Galway, Tyrone, and Westmeath. Those surnames with an asterisk are listed in ‘The Surnames of Ireland’ Edward MacLysaght, sixth edition (1997), published by the Irish Academic Press, ISBN 0-7165-2364-7. Did you know all this about Irish surnames before? Dunne is the most common surname in Laois, where the family originated. Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. 69 Céide Chloch an Mhéara, Uí is pronounced ‘eee’, and is the genitive case of ‘Ó’. Irish Surnames Origin Irish names have a number of derivations, including those of native Gaelic, Norman and Anglo origin. One of Ireland's leading aristocratic families, the O Briens are primarily from Clare, Limerick, Tipperary, and Waterford. My surname is Cullinan, but I’ve been informed this is descendent from Ó Cuileannáin. Ó Ruacháin would be pronounced “Oh Roo-kawyn”, I’d say “Mhurchú” is pronounced: Wuracoo (it’s a softer C sound than K, but not quite ch, if that makes sense!). Irish Surnames: A to Z This list can by no means be considered comprehensive. In this post we’ll take a look at surnames in Irish…particularly at how “mac” and “ó” surnames came to be, and why many very Irish surnames either lack them now or never had them to begin with. 100 most common Irish surnames in each Irish county based on the 1901 census. O’Connor 89%, Connor 9%, Connors 2% 5. This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total. In fact, some of the best-known Irish surnames, such as Fitzgerald, Joyce, Walsh, Power, and Burke, come to us from the Normans. From the Irish for brown (donn), the original Irish name Ó Duinn has by now lost the O prefix. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Another common Irish prefix, Fitz, derives from the French word fils, also meaning "son.". The Irish would be Ó’Ruadháin or possibly Ó’Ruacháin. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O Doughertys. Irish Surnames Origin Irish names have a number of derivations, including those of native Gaelic, Norman and Anglo origin. VIII, 1858-61, St. Mary’s, Pawtucket Graveyard Records, Rhode Island, Kahoe/Keaghoe/Keogh*/Keheo/Keho/Kehoe/Keohe/Keohoe/Keough/Keugho/Kiho, Jameson*/Jamieson/Jamison/Jemeson/Jemison, Achmooty*/Aughmuty*/Aghmuty/Ahmuty/Auchmuty, Kavana/Kavanagh*/Kavanah/Kavannagh/Kavenagh/Kavinagh/Kavnigh/Kavanaugh/Kavanauh, Lace/Lacey/Lacy*/Lasey/Leacey/Leacy*/Lacy*/Leasey/Leecy, Galivan/Gallavan/Gallavin/Gallivan/Galvin, Keagan/Keegan*/Keegn/Kegan/Keighan*/Kigan, Fanagan/Fenigan/Finegan/Finigan/Finnegan*/Finegan*, Farel/Farell/Farill/Farrall/Farrel/Farrell*/Ferrall*/Farrill/Faroll/Ferrall/ffaralle, Kearan/Kearing/Keeran/Kearn/Kearon*/Kearns*, Bailey*/Bailie/Bailie*/Baillie/Bailly/Baily/Bayley/Baylie/Bayly*, Fares/Faris/Farris*/Fairy*/Ferris*/Perris*/Feris/Ferres/Ferris*, Jordan*/Jordanie/Jordon/Jourdan/Jurdan/Jurdon, Ahearn*/Aheran/Ahern/Aherne*/Ahearn*/Aheron.

How would that spelling be pronounced? You can find out more here: http://www.sloinne.ie/surname/ga/de-leadus/. Many of these early Irish surnames began as patronyms to identify a son separately from his father or a grandson from his grandfather. The Doherty surname is the most common in Derry. Is this correct and if so, how do I pronounce it correctly? My surname is McEvoy in irish its Fhiodhbhuidhe… but how does it be pronounced … in school it always sounded like nic “eve ee ” can you help me out in anyway. Learn more right here. – Gabrielle. Not all Irish surnames are of Gaelic origin, however. So if Irish surnames are misspelt and mangled in English-language records, you know why. Gaelic surnames are “patronymics,” that is, they indicate patrilineal descent. Also spelled McCarthy.

Occupational names, or English names ending in “son” (such as “Williamson”) can easily be adapted to the “mac” form (you’ll see “Williamson” rendered as “Mac Liam,” for example). When people who have surnames of Gaelic origin write or say them in the Irish language, they use Mac, Ó, Nic, or Ní as appropriate. My husband’s name is Murray. More information about the history of the collection is available here. The common Irish surname Collins originated in Limerick, though after the Norman invasion they fled to Cork. This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission and it is being made available here under an open licence by Fiontar & Scoil na Gaeilge, DCU and the National Folklore Collection, UCD. There are also Collin families from the province of Ulster, most of whom were probably English. The Kennedy surname, both Irish and Scottish in origin, hails from Clare, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Wexford. Well, in Irish, they haven’t gone anywhere. Can you tell me how to pronounce these family names ? Irish names. O'Connor family history O'Neill family history Murphy family history Walsh family history Kelly family history Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% 3. Available under Open Database License (ODbL) v1.0.

Johnston is the most common name in the Irish province of Ulster. The apostrophe that usually follows the O actually comes from a misunderstanding by English-speaking clerks in Elizabethan time, who interpreted it as a form of the word "of." The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 518 total. Descendants of the O Conor kings of Connacht, the Reillys are primarily from Cavan, Cork, Longford, and Meath. As Gaelic names were Anglicized, sometimes they lost their prefixes: Some retained their prefixes, but in an altered form.

Boyle descendants can also be found in Kildare and Offaly. Very interesting . Irish Last Names It wasn’t until British colonization that last names were changed to sound more Anglican and to disrupt the Gaelic way of life. I’m trying to find the correct pronunciation of the Irish version of my surname Rohan. Common in both England and Ireland, the Irish Brown families are most commonly found in the province of Connacht (specifically Galway and Mayo), as well as Kerry. You might, for example, have one family called “Riley,” one called “Reilly” and another called “O’Reilly” or “O’Riley (all of which were originally Ó Raghallaigh). Originally they weren’t surnames at all, but just a way of distinguishing similarly named individuals: In English, this practice ultimately gave us such surnames as “Jameson” and “Johnson.” Much the same thing happened among the Gaels. Find your county and see if your Irish surname made in the top 100. Smith is actually the most common surname in Antrim. Irish Dance to Ed Sheeran’s “Shape of You”, 6 Year Old Irish Girl Hilariously Insists On Going To The Pub, Cork Primary School Make Incredible Video Fighting Climate Change. Sometimes modified to O'Donnelly. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. Walsh 94%, Walshe 6% 4. Ó Dubhthaigh, anglicized to Duffy, comes from an Irish name meaning black or swarthy. This English name is the second most common non-Irish name found in Ireland, especially in Ulster. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. The Irish word for “son” — mac — would be placed in front of the person’s father’s given name, nickname, or occupation, which would be in the “genitive” or “possessive” case: Eoghan Mac Suibhne – Eoghan Son of Suibhne. Non-Gaelic Irish Surnames. His name in Irish is Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin.

For example, Mac became “Mc” or “Ma” and Ó became “O’.”. The O Donnell clans originally settled in Clare and Galway, but today they are most numerous in County Donegal. If you’ve any other questions, don’t hesitate to ask. The Irish Ó Dálaigh comes from dáil, meaning a place of assembly. Let me find this out for you and we will post the answer here. These names have evolved and migrated to various parts of Europe and also across the world. (By the way, there’s no truth to the old line about “Mc” indicating an Irish name and “Mac” indicating a Scottish name.

In the province of Ulster, they were known as Mac Dubghaill (MacDowell and MacDuggall). Mc joined with Mac so McMahon will appear as MacMahon. Remember the data is based on the 1901 census in Ireland. I am both curious and hoping you could shed some light on this- Thank you Perhaps your name lost its prefix when it was Anglicized, or perhaps it never had one to begin with, but that doesn’t mean it’s any less Irish! I am trying to trace my Irish roots, but the spelling changes make it quite difficult! One of the oldest surnames in Ireland, the O Clery surname (anglicized to Clarke) is most prevalent in Cavan. The Murray surname is especially prolific in Donegal. Brennan. Luimneach V94 PR9K Thank you. According to ancestry.com, my name (Ledwith) was also spelled Ledwidge, but another source tells me it was from the Gaelic spelling, Leadus (with accents on the e and u). Women’s surnames depend on their marital status.

Yes, you read that right. ", A Norman family who came to Ireland in 1170, the Fitzgeralds (spelled Mac Gearailt in parts of Ireland) claimed vast holdings in Cork, Kerry, Kildare, and Limerick. Unfortunately, many people used various different spellings of their name during their lifetime. In England this was known as Poll Tax.

Hi-my ancestors in the southern Connemara Islands are Joyce, Connelly, Bailly and Flaherty. If the surname contains an initial mutation, do not remove it: Páidín and Pháidín are not identical. You’ve probably heard this little rhyme at one time or another: By Mac and Ó you’ll always know true Irishmen they say. Originally settled in County Tipperary, the Sullivan family spread into Kerry and Cork, where they are now most numerous and their surname is the most common. Marriage Records, Irish People, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1818-1840, Irish Natural History Society Journal Index, Vol. Irish Surname Index This is a collection of surnames that developed from the work of the Irish Folklore Commission and it is being made available here under an open licence by Fiontar & Scoil na Gaeilge, DCU and the National Folklore Collection, UCD. Copyright © 2020 Bitesize Irish Gaelic Ltd. The genitive case is quite a complicated grammar rule that I wouldn’t worry too much about for now.

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