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But, he adds, it had an unplanned upside of warming relations between Israel and Arab neighbors like the UAE and Bahrain. On the Palestinian side, the occupied territories which include Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem have a surface area of 6020 km2. Israel has a surface area of 20,770 km2 based on the internationally recognised Green Line boundaries. After 1948, Jaffa's nationalized orange groves and the established markets for their products provided the major source of income for the new state of Israel. Palestinians, carrying possessions on their heads, flee from an village in Galilee (1948) / Getty Images. This makes it the longest occupation in modern history. Though there is little polling available, Palestinians are less likely to be in favor. The Jewish population in Palestine increased from 6 percent (1918) to 33 percent (1947). In his latest explicitly partisan statement, U.S. ambassador to Israel David Friedman on Oct. 4 suggested a Biden Presidency would be bad for Israel and the Gulf countries‘ security. Area B represents about 22 percent of the West Bank. analysis of the growing violence and polarization in Jerusalem found that the ancient city had reached a dangerous boiling point. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. See more photos of Israel’s military checkpoints. TMS has no affiliation whatsoever with the originator of this article nor is TMS endorsed or sponsored by the originator. In June this year, weeks before the deadline Netanyahu had set to begin “extending Israeli sovereignty” over portions of the West Bank, Democratic Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez spearheaded a letter signed by a dozen Democratic lawmakers that called for the U.S. to condition its $3.8 billion in U.S. military funding to Israel on activities related to settlement building should Israel move ahead with annexation.

For nearly two decades, barbed wire, concrete barriers and land mines divided the city. In 2019, under the presidency of Donald Trump, the US declared that Israeli settlements on occupied Palestinian land were “not necessarily illegal”, a dramatic break from decades of US policy. “The excitement we have is engaging that phenomena in America.”. It has an enormous history dating back to Abraham. Jaffa oranges were Palestine's leading export. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called an emergency meeting of his Security Cabinet on Tuesday to discuss plans to halt the violence. See more videos in this interactive project: Inside al-Aqsa: A 360° tour of Jerusalem’s holiest mosque (2017), Al Jazeera. “It was an awkward way of getting a benefit from a wrong policy.”. DISCLAIMER: The statements, views and opinions expressed in pieces republished here are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of TMS.

A section of Israel’s separation wall in occupied East Jerusalem (2019) Al Jazeera. The U.S. “has plenty of venues to express displeasure without undermining Israeli security.”. East Jerusalem has a Palestinian majority and was occupied by Israel in 1967. War still shapes the geography of Jerusalem. Over the past century it has been carved up, walled-in and filled with hundreds of illegal Israeli settlements and military checkpoints. Earlier this year, a leaked E.U. Should Trump win re-election in November, analysts expect more Arab states—perhaps even Saudi Arabia—to normalize relations with Israel.

Despite being outside of Israel proper, these settlers are granted Israeli citizenship and receive government subsidies that significantly lower their cost of living. The international community, including the U.S., does not recognize this and maintains embassies in Tel Aviv. Trump polls more favorably against Biden in Israel than in the U.S. The British Mandate facilitated Jewish immigration from Europe to Palestine in the 1920s and 1930s.

Now it is a sprawling metropolis with over 800,000 inhabitants with the Old City at its center. In 2014, 2,069 Palestinians and 168 Israelis were injured in clashes in Jerusalem, five times more than in either of the two previous years. Many Israelis have a favourite Palestinian-owned hummus restaurant in the Old City. Speeds up the construction of settlements. “International law is very clear: annexation and territorial conquest are forbidden by the Charter of the United Nations,” said Michael Lynk, the UN independent expert on human rights in the Palestinian territories. An Israeli soldier checks the authorisation of a Palestinian man taking his donkey to harvest olives on his land, which was divided by Israel's controversial separation barrier, near the West Bank village of Bayt Awwa, on October 12, 2020. The demand for equal access to the holy shrines is a source of tension. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Still, it quickly became apparent the White House team of Special Advisor Jared Kushner, Jason Greenblatt and Ambassador David Friedman “looked at us as a people with needs, rather than people with rights,” he says. The government of Israel reserves the right to withdraw residency rights from Palestinians if the center of their life is not deemed to be in Jerusalem. Now, with just over two weeks until the U.S. Presidential election, and with Democratic candidate Joe Biden maintaining a steady lead in national polls, Zomlot is weighing what a Biden Presidency might mean for the region. The Palestinian leadership declined to participate in the 2019 economic conference the Trump Administration ran under the auspices of its so-called Middle East Peace Plan, which—when it was finally unveiled in January—proposed to greenlight Israel’s annexation of swathes of occupied Palestinian territory.

“The Palestinian leadership that has been extremely frustrated by the Trump Administration’s pro-Israeli position sees a Biden win as an opportunity to return to the negotiating table.”. Twenty-eight Palestinians (12 of whom were identified by Israel as attackers) have died and hundreds have been injured in clashes with Israeli troops. Under the Oslo Accords, control of this area was supposed to be handed over to the PA. In accordance with title 17 U.S.C. Annexing the Jordan Valley would mean that Israel would officially consider it part of the state of Israel. Share this article:

Most Jewish residents of Jerusalem are citizens of Israel while Palestinians are mostly permanent residents, a status with fewer rights. West Jerusalem has been Israeli territory since 1948, and Jews are in the majority. Roughly 10 percent of Israel’s 6.8 million Jewish population lives in these occupied Palestinian territories.

Write to Naina Bajekal at [email protected] So convinced was the head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization’s mission to the U.S. that his family’s stay would be temporary that much of their luggage remained in boxes months after they moved in in spring 2017.
Jeopardizing that would be counterproductive, Novik says, limiting Israel’s ability to make the concessions required to move towards a two-state solution. Palestine has not been, nor is it currently, a nation. According to the international standards, Jerusalem is a divided city. “Biden has long been committed to Israel and will continue that relationship,” says Sanam Vakil, deputy director of the Middle East North Africa Programme at London-based think tank Chatham House.
Most Palestinian farmers are not connected to the water grid and have to rely on buying water from tankers. The left-wing of the party had called for an even more aggressive strategy towards Israel over the treatment of Palestinians. His caution ended up being prescient: a State Department official told Zomlot in fall 2018 that the Trump Administration would be shuttering the PLO’s mission. Any suggestion of daylight between Israel and the U.S. on the issue would also weaken its regional deterrence and lead to fresh outbreaks of violence, Novik adds. 6.

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