Our results should help to establish new criteria for the selection of apple cultivars, emphasizing the importance of apple germplasm to the control of enzymatic browning. HIL significantly decreased BI and inhibited polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) activities, and quinone accumulation. 1976 Studies on the enzymatic browning and the polyphenol–polyphenol oxidase complex of apple cultivars Confructa. Oxidative discolouration in whole-head and cut lettuce: biochemical and environmental influences on a complex phenotype and potential breeding strategies to improve shelf-life. Eucarpia Symp. At the IFDS, ‘Fuji’ and ‘Elstar’ presented the highest values followed by ‘Mellow’ and ‘Aori27’, the last showing a significantly lower value than ‘Fuji’ and ‘Elstar’. Chlorogenic acid was identified as the major phenolic compound in ‘Aori27’ and ‘Mellow’ at all FDSs. The multiple means comparison for the variable phenolic compound showed the differences obtained for each compound in the four cultivars at the three FDSs (Table 3). Livia Marques Casanova, Daniel da Silva, Mauro Sola-Penna, Luiza Maria de Magalhães Camargo, Deborah de Moura Celestrini, Luzineide Wanderley Tinoco, Sônia Soares Costa. Of course, it’s worth keeping in mind that if you plan to serve salad to a big group of people, lettuce with russet spotting may not look super appealing to your crew. Effect of chilling temperatures on physiological properties, phenolic metabolism and antioxidant level accompanying pulp browning of peach during cold storage. ‘Fuji’ showed the highest procyanidin B2 levels at the IFDS and MFDS. 1992 Content of potentially anticarcinogenic flavonoids of 28 vegetables and 9 fruits commonly consumed in The Netherlands J. Agr. & Billot, J. Orthogonal array design for optimization of phenyllactic acid–sodium alginate blend coating and its effect on the browning and quality of minimally processed lily bulbs. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. In immature fruits of ‘Aori27’ and ‘Mellow’, procyanidin B2 was not observed. Identification and Characterization of Five BAHD Acyltransferases Involved in Hydroxycinnamoyl Ester Metabolism in Chicory.
These processes affect the taste, color, and value of such foods. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Food Agr. This may help to explain the lower browning of ‘Elstar’ compared with ‘Fuji’ and ‘Mellow’ considering that differences in color formation by enzymatic browning can be a consequence of oxidation of different phenolic compounds (Murata et al., 1995a). Mediterranean Propolis from the Adriatic Sea Islands as a Source of Natural Antioxidants: Comprehensive Chemical Biodiversity Determined by GC-MS, FTIR-ATR, UHPLC-DAD-QqTOF-MS, DPPH and FRAP Assay. Expression analysis of polyphenol oxidase isozymes by active staining method and tissue browning of head lettuce ( Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Influence of Nucleophilic Amino Acids on Enzymatic Browning Systems. It is worth noting that genetically modified apple cultivars are currently being developed through antisense DNA techniques to obtain varieties with low browning potential (e.g., Cao et al., 2004; Murata et al., 2000, 2001), whereas there is evidence of apple germplasm with low browning potential already available. Soc. A: Yes. At the FFDS, ‘Elstar’ showed the highest content of procyanidin B2. Postharvest Center at the University of California, A Simple Way To Help You Sleep Better and Feel Happier, This Type of Fiber Helps With Weight Loss and Belly Fat, Make This Simple Swap While Brushing to Get Whiter and Healthier Teeth, This Popular Supplement Boosts Lung Health, Fights Infections, and Alleviates Allergy Symptoms, Drop 30+ Pounds, Lower Blood Pressure, and Reverse Diabetes With This Eating Plan, 21 Thanksgiving Appetizers You NEED to Try Before the Big Feast, 10 Natural Lubricants to Beat Menopausal Dryness, Yeast Infection Won’t Go Away Even After Treatment?
In that case, it may be worth your time to wait until just before the gathering to purchase your lettuce of choice — and inspect all those lettuce heads closely before making your selection.
Adriano Sofo, Bengt Lundegårdh, Anna Mårtensson, Michele Manfra, Giacomo Pepe, Eduardo Sommella, Mauro De Nisco, Gian Carlo Tenore, Pietro Campiglia, Antonio Scopa. Hui Liu, Weibo Jiang, Jiankang Cao, Yucai Li. Your healthy salad recipes await! Oxidation reactions occur in food and non-food items. Why Do My Peppers Have Irregular Brown Spots on Their Leaves? These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. M.P. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. 46 publications. Please reconnect. Biochem.
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