The teaching of the Fatherhood of God takes a decided turn with Jesus, for "Father" was his favorite term for addressing God.
(At times the father imagery is present although the term "Father" is not used [ Exod 4:22-23 ; Deut 1:31 ; 8:5 ; 14:1 ; Psalm 103:13 ; Jer 3:22 ; 31:20 ; Hosea 11:1-4 ; Mal 3:17 ]). It is charged by some that this leads to a false view that God is a male. We know from history that the father was to be diligent in instructing children in the ways and words of the Lord for their own spiritual development and well-being. The avoidance of this description for God can still be found in the intertestamental literature. It is through the work of Christ that God invites us to call him "Abba, Father." This is the kind of relationship fathers should strive for with their children. of
(Note 165+ times in the four Gospels compared to only 15 times in the entire Old Testament!)
The description of God as "father" is under attack today in certain circles. This portrayal, however, is surprisingly rare in the Old Testament. But when they know their father listens calmly, they believe they are respected and that there is a genuine interest in what is being said. There God is specifically called the Father of the nation of Israel ( Deut 32:6 ; Isa 63:16 ; [twice] 64:8 ; Jeremiah 3:4 Jeremiah 3:19 ; 31:9 ; Mal 1:6 ; 2:10 ) or the Father of certain individuals ( 2 Sam 7:14 ; 1 Chron 17:13 ; 22:10 ; 28:6 ; Psalm 68:5 ; 89:26 ) only fifteen times. This training is created in a way to make clear to children the life they are intended for, a life of great importance. There its use is also rare: Apocrypha ( Wis 2:16; 14:3; Tob 13:4; Sir 23:1, 4; 51:10); Pseudepigrapha ( Jub 1:24, 28; 19:29; 3 Macc 5:7; 6:4, 8; T. Levi 18:6; T. Judah 24:2); and Dead Sea Scrolls (1 QH 9:35f.). At one time it was thought that since children used this term to address their fathers the nearest equivalent would be the English term "Daddy."
A good Christian father makes time for his family and anchors his …
Ephesians 6:4 is a summary of instructions to fathers. There is no evidence in pre-Christian Jewish literature that Jews addressed God as "Abba. "
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These include the disciples; the earliest congregations ( Rom 8:15 ; Gal 4:6 ); the earliest church councils ("I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth "); and Christian churches all over the globe who over the centuries have prayed together "Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed by thy name.". On three separate occasions, the Bible records these words of the Father to His Son: “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Matthew 17:5). Because of Jesus' use of this metaphor, it is not surprising that the rest of the New Testament also emphasizes the Fatherhood of God. Fatherhood of God.
It occurs in blessings ( Rom 1:7 ; 1 Cor 1:3 ), doxologies ( Rom 15:6 ), thanksgivings ( 2 Cor 1:3 ; 1 Thess 1:2-3 ), prayers ( Col 1:12 ), exhortations ( Eph 5:20 ), and creeds ( 1 Cor 8:6 ; Eph 4:6 ).
The exact term Jesus used is still found three times in the New Testament ( Mark 14:36 ; Rom 8:15-16 ; Gal 4:6 ) but elsewhere the Aramaic term Abba is translated by the Greek pater [pathvr]. This is clearly seen in John 20:17 in the distinction between "my" God and "your" God. Yet to avoid the metaphor of father as a description and designation for God is to lose sight of the fact that Jesus chose this as his metaphor to address God and that he taught this as the metaphor by which his disciples should address God. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Bible Dictionaries - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Fatherhood of God, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Sign up for Beliefnet's Love and Family newsletter. Proverbs 22:6 says, “Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it.” To “train” indicates that the first teaching that a father and mother give a child. 42-44.
His "Sonship" was different from that of his followers.
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It is charged by some that this leads to a false view that God is a male. We know from Scripture that fathers who apply this biblical principle communicate better with their children. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. All rights reserved. It is also seen in Matthew 5:16, 45, 48; 6:1, 4, 6; 7:21; 10:32-33, where Jesus refers to "your" (singular and plural) and "my" father but never "our" father. They ultimately give their wife what she needs most – to be loved, honored and cherished. Elsewhere God's love and care can be compared to that of a concerned and caring mother ( Isa 49:14-16 ; Luke 13:34 ). As a result it is best to understand Abba as the equivalent of "Father" rather than "Daddy.". Beliefnet is a lifestyle website providing feature editorial content around the topics of inspiration, spirituality, health, wellness, love and family, news and entertainment. Salem Media Group. The pages of the New Testament give us an incredible glimpse of the marvelous relationship between God the Father and Christ the Son. He serves as an example to his children of what a loving relationship looks like so that they may also reflect it in their lives, particularly when it comes to their marriages. Yet to avoid the metaphor of father as a description and designation for God is to lose sight of the fact that Jesus chose this as his metaphor to address God and that he taught this as the metaphor by which his disciples should address God. A Christian father should be a good communicator, not only communicating biblical principles to their children, but also being a careful listener. A third unique feature of Jesus' teaching concerning the Fatherhood of God is that the frequency of this metaphor is out of all proportion to what we find elsewhere in the Old Testament and other Jewish literature. When a child knows their father will lose their temper quickly, they are less likely to communicate their inner feelings to him. It also loses sight of the continuity established by the use of this metaphor with those who have called God "Father" over the centuries. Throughout the Bible we find God portrayed as a Father.
For this reason, it’s important that fathers teach their children both by their example and their words.
When God is referred as a father, this is simply the use of a metaphor in which he is likened to a kind and loving father. Throughout the Bible we find God portrayed as a Father. The beautiful thing is we have the assurance that “nothing is impossible with God” (Luke 1:37). This metaphor for God may have been avoided in the Old Testament due to its frequent use in the ancient Near East where it was used in various fertility religions and carried heavy sexual overtones.
He is a Spirit ( John 4:24 ) without sexual parts.
A wise father seeks to make obedience desirable and attainable by love and gentleness. His "Sonship" was different from that of his followers. All rights reserved. of It should be pointed out that although Jesus addressed God as "Father" and taught his disciples to do the same, he never referred to God as "our Father." When God is referred as a father, this is simply the use of a metaphor in which he is likened to a kind and loving father.
A Christian father loves and respects his wife. The Bible reveals that there is only one perfect Father who is God. For Paul this fatherhood is based not so much on God's role in creation but rather on the redemption and reconciliation he has made available in Jesus Christ. The teaching of the Fatherhood of God takes a decided turn with Jesus, for "Father" was his favorite term for addressing God. J. Barr, JTS39 (1988): 28-47; R. Hamerton-Kelly, God the Father; J. Jeremias, The Prayers of Jesus; J. Scott Lidgett, The Fatherhood of God; W. Elwell, TAB, pp. The Bible tells us, “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16-17). They used this foreign title for God because Jesus had used it and taught his followers to do so.
This is why the Greek-speaking Gentile churches in Galatia and Rome continued to address God as Abba.
There God is specifically called the Father of the nation of Israel ( Deut 32:6 ; Isa 63:16 ; [twice] 64:8 ; Jeremiah 3:4 Jeremiah 3:19 ; 31:9 ; Mal 1:6 ; 2:10 ) or the Father of certain individuals ( 2 Sam 7:14 ; 1 Chron 17:13 ; 22:10 ; 28:6 ; Psalm 68:5 ; 89:26 ) only fifteen times. Here are five principles Christian fathers live by: A good Christian father makes time for his family and anchors his family in Christ. This portrayal, however, is surprisingly rare in the Old Testament. However, there are a few principles that can help. These include the disciples; the earliest congregations ( Rom 8:15 ; Gal 4:6 ); the earliest church councils ("I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth "); and Christian churches all over the globe who over the centuries have prayed together "Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed by thy name.". A second unique feature about Jesus' use of Abba as a designation for God involves the intimacy of the term.
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