It also contains redwood forests, along with the Sierra Nevada including Yosemite Valley and Lake Tahoe, Mount Shasta (the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range after Mount Rainier in Washington), and the northern half of the Central Valley, one of the world's most productive agricultural regions. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this U.S. state. Brewer's Spruce (Picea breweriana) and Kalmiopsis (Kalmiopsis leachiana) are relict species, remaining since the last ice age. San Francisco is decidedly a Northern California city and Los Angeles likewise a Southern California one, but areas in between do not often share their confidence in geographic identity. The highest peak in the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney at 14,505 feet (4,421 m), lies within the Sierra Nevada. , This region is located in the northeastern section of the state bordering Oregon and Nevada, mostly north of the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada mountain range.  As a consequence of the geology, the mountains have a unique flora, including several endemic or near-endemic species, such as Lawson's Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) and Foxtail Pine (Pinus balfouriana). Floods are occasionally caused by heavy rain, storms, and snowmelt. These mountains are noted for their coast redwoods, the tallest trees on earth, which live within the range of the coastal fog. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this U.S. state. California's coastline is about 840 miles long, the third longest coastline in the United States after Alaska and Florida. California parks protect threatened species of rhododendron, along with the plants’ habitat. However, some are quite famous like Barstow, a popular stop on the famous U.S. Route 66. California is a U.S. state on the western coast of North America. Natural resources in California include waterways such as the San Joaquin Delta, the Pacific Ocean coastline, natural parks, plants and wildlife, and numerous habitats and ecosystems.
Higher elevations experience snowstorms in the winter months. Found in the southeastern part of the state, California's three deserts, the Great Basin, …  The Lost River watershed drains the north part of the plateau, while southern watersheds either collect in basin reservoirs or flow into Big Sage Reservoir and thence to the Pit River.  The plateau lies between the Cascade Range to the west and the Warner Mountains to the east. The most famous hiking and horse-packing trail in the Sierra is the John Muir Trail, which goes from the top of Mt. California's large eastern Sierra Nevada range has a Mediterranean-like climate below 6,000 feet. , To the east of the Sierra is the Basin and Range geological province, which extends into Nevada. The rivers are sufficiently large and deep that several inland cities, notably Stockton, and Sacramento are seaports. The Klamath Mountains are a range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peak being Mount Eddy in Trinity County, California, at 9,037 feet (2,754 m). Sea temperatures in most of the state rarely exceed 70 °F (21 °C), even in summer, because of up-welling deep waters with dissolved nutrients. These deserts are caused by a combination of the cold offshore current, which limits evaporation, and the rain shadow of the mountains. California's geography is largely defined by its central feature—the Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley between the coastal mountain ranges and the Sierra Nevada. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. The urban area is also host to an international metropolitan region in the form of San Diego–Tijuana, created by the urban area spilling over into Baja California. Southern California consists of a heavily developed urban environment, home to some of the largest urban areas in the state, along with vast areas that have been left undeveloped. California is also home to several volcanoes, including Lassen Peak, which erupted in 1914 and 1921, and Mount Shasta.  Many of these lakes have extensive evaporite deposits that contain a variety of different salts. The San Gabriel Mountains have Mount Wilson observatory, where the redshift was discovered in the 1920s.  The plateau supports large herds of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus canadensis), and pronghorn (Antilocapra americana). The southernmost mountains of California are the Peninsular Ranges, which are east of San Diego and continue into Baja California (Mexico) in the Sierra San Pedro Martir. Therefore, most sea life in and around California resembles both Arctic and tropical, biotopes, leaning more towards the latter in the south coast and vice versa. California's climate varies widely, from arid to subarctic, depending on latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast. Mountain range is the largest and easternmost range in California. California is a U.S. state on the western coast of North America. The influence of the ocean generally moderates temperature extremes, creating warmer winters and substantially cooler summers, especially along the coastal areas. The climate can be generally characterized by its marine to warm Mediterranean climates along the coast, to somewhat Continental Mediterranean Climate in the valley to alpine climate zones in the high mountains. The main population centers of Northern California include San Francisco Bay Area (which includes the cities of San Francisco, Oakland, and the largest city of the region, San Jose), and Sacramento (the state capital) as well as its metropolitan area. The area is centered on Mount Shasta, near the Trinity Alps. The natural resources of region includes rice, corn, vegetables and fruits generally. Natural resources in California include waterways such as the San Joaquin Delta, the Pacific Ocean coastline, natural parks, plants and wildlife, and numerous habitats and ecosystems.
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