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Anne’s mother died in early January, just before the evacuation of Auschwitz on January 18, 1945. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). %%EOF The Diary, which has been translated into more than 65 languages, is the most widely read diary of the Holocaust, and Anne is probably the best known of Holocaust victims. endstream endobj 367 0 obj <>stream It was established by the Dutch government that both Anne and Margot died in a typhus epidemic in March 1945, only weeks before the liberation of Bergen-Belsen, but scholars in 2015 revealed new research, including analysis of archival data and first-person accounts, indicating that the sisters might have perished in February 1945. A film version directed by George Stevens was produced in 1959. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

The play was controversial: it was challenged by screenwriter Meyer Levin, who wrote an early version of the play (later realized as a 35-minute radio play) and accused Otto Frank and his chosen screenwriters, Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, of sanitizing and de-Judaizing the story. In the middle of the day, FRANK further intensified and enlarged with its … endstream endobj startxref Share. Corrections? By break of daylight of June 21, FRANK's 170 kph winds were churning Jintotolo Channel and the coastline of Capiz. Among them he found Anne’s diary, which was published as Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl (originally in Dutch, 1947). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. At least 6,300 people died when super typhoon Haiyan struck in 2013 according to the government-run disaster agency, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, causing 89.6 billion pesos ($184 million) in damage to houses, bridges, roads and other infrastructure in the areas it traversed. Anne Frank, in full Annelies Marie Frank, (born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Germany—died February/March 1945, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover), Jewish girl whose diary of her family’s two years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands became a classic of war literature. In addition, Typhoon Haiyan damaged 1.1 million houses, destroyed 33 million coconut trees (a major source of livelihoods), and disrupted the livelihoods of 5.9 million workers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Anne also discussed her hopes for the future, which included becoming a journalist or a writer. It then moved west northwest and affected 37 more provinces, with winds of 140 kph and gusts of up to 170 kph. Omissions? Anne’s last diary entry was written on August 1, 1944. p8�؋C�L�#S�R�[email protected]ć�;��L�p}�q���8X̱-Y�C� D�'��\٭j��rck����c� ƒ@�!,����f����� ���������@��� In it she wrote, “I still believe, in spite of everything, that people are really good at heart.”. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! With the aid of a few non-Jewish friends, among them Miep Gies, who smuggled in food and other supplies, the Frank family and four other Jews—Hermann and Auguste van Pels and their son, Peter, and Fritz Pfeffer—lived confined to the “secret annex.” During this time, Anne wrote faithfully in her diary, recounting day-to-day life in hiding, from ordinary annoyances to the fear of capture. Anne Frank rewrote her diary after she heard a broadcast urging people to document their lives under Nazi rule. Three days later the annex was discovered by the Gestapo, which was acting on a tip from Dutch informers. ��EGGCv40��6(e;:8���:�r,T,��_�[email protected]��( g�c���Y�K/`Á� g,�{sD"�\�m�a�`u|)X)#�~8�Ľ@����>�g�0 �B�� That day she began writing in the book: “I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support.”. hބY˖����W�&� �� �V�$�r,G��l. The play was often performed in high schools throughout the world and was revived (with additions) on Broadway in 1997–98. Typhoon Bopha made landfall the evening of Dec. 3, 2012, onBaganga, Mindanao in the Philippines. Updates? 363 0 obj <> endobj Typhoon ‘Yolanda,’ one of the strongest typhoons on record struck the Philippines, forcing hundreds of thousands from their homes and knocking out power and communications in several provinces. The Diary was also made into a play that premiered on Broadway in October 1955, and in 1956 it won both the Tony Award for best play and the Pulitzer Prize for best drama. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Anne-Frank, Jewish Women's Archive - Biography of Anne Frank, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Anne Frank, Official Site of the Anne Frank Museum, Amsterdam, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Holocaust Encyclopedia - Biography of Anne Frank, Anne Frank - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Anne Frank - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Miep Gies, who helped hide Anne Frank's family from the Nazis and later preserved her diary, 1995. As it made a landfall … Anne Frank, Jewish girl whose diary of her family’s years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands is a classic of war literature.

Early in the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, Anne’s father, Otto Frank (1889–1980), a German businessman, took his wife and two daughters to live in Amsterdam. Typhoon Fengshen (locally named “Frank”) initially affected Eastern Samar in the Philippines on 18 June 2008 as a tropical depression. �@dÄ%�:'XD�v0G0F1�lPuI+/��'�DC�@؇F�)z�w���\����C��ZBlS�U3���Z0X+�M/Oq�[�䤖����bdt�Nf� ƖB �8��|�

Many entries involve typical adolescent issues—jealousy toward her sister; annoyance with others, especially her mother; and an increasing sexual awareness. h�b```f``�a`g`�`[email protected] AV ���-bn�� Friends who searched the hiding place after the family’s capture later gave Otto Frank the papers left behind by the Gestapo. hެTmo�@�+�q���%�R��tl}���R�A����*�?ۗ贶�)�������� \& ��d�{�)�0�27�a���cN(�T���I'BE1�K�������*ޤs��ڧ��}=$��}~�5��I z]ƒP�ɸ,�D4�&�K�V� �:�U���O�d4��^0�'����ޢ���$�6 �d��c?Ӽ֠\3��A�����,O�7zw1^n�y���z��"��Q������@;�������|��˚9��0��i��=�s�� Overview of the Anne Frank House, Amsterdam. endstream endobj 364 0 obj <> endobj 365 0 obj <> endobj 366 0 obj <>stream When Anne’s sister, Margot, was faced with deportation (supposedly to a forced-labour camp), the Franks went into hiding on July 6, 1942, in the backroom office and warehouse of Otto Frank’s food-products business. 383 0 obj <>stream In 1941, after German forces occupied the Netherlands, Anne was compelled to transfer from a public school to a Jewish one. The typhoon's westward track continued towards the coastline of Aklan.

The Frank family’s hiding place on the Prinsengracht, a canal in Amsterdam, became a museum that is consistently among the city’s most-visited tourist sites. Anne Frank, a Jewish teenager, wrote a diary of her family’s two years in hiding (1942–44) during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, and the book—which was first published in 1947, two years after Anne’s death in a concentration camp—became a classic of war literature, personalizing the Holocaust. A wax Anne Frank figure is on display at Madame Tussauds in Vienna.

According to the Dutch government, Anne died during a typhus epidemic in March 1945. A new English translation of the Diary, published in 1995, contains material that was edited out of the original version, which makes the revised translation nearly one-third longer than the first. Map of the path of Typhoon Frank (Fengshen), showing it making landfall in the Eastern Visayas before taking a northwesterly path Approximately twenty tropical cyclones enter the Philippine area of responsibility yearly, an area which incorporates parts of the Pacific Ocean , the South China Sea , and the Philippine Archipelago (with the exception of Tawi-Tawi province). Through her diary, Anne Frank is shown to be insightful, humorous, and intelligent. Other research suggests she might have perished in February that year. Precocious in style and insight, it traces her emotional growth amid adversity. 0 After being discovered by the Gestapo in 1944, the Franks were sent to concentration camps, and Anne died in Bergen-Belsen in … Anne and Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen the following month. She discussed typical adolescent issues as well as her hopes for the future, which included becoming a journalist or a writer. h�bbd``b`�$C�C��$x� �V !��Hg����D�2� ��

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