The two submarines reached the search area by the next afternoon, and combed the water for survivors. In a daring penetration of the heavy enemy screen, and riding in 5 fathoms [9 m] of water, he launched the Barb's last forward torpedoes at 3,000 yard [2.7 km] range. "Though the tally shows more shells, bombs, and depth charges fired at Barb, no one received the Purple Heart and Barb came back alive, eager, and ready to fight again.". Patrolling the area thoroughly, she made only one contact worthy of torpedoes, Fukusei Maru, which the submarine observed on 28 March, while that Japanese cargo ship conducted an antisubmarine patrol off Rasa Island Okino Daito Shima. After tracking two ships through the overcast daylight of 22 January, he decided to attack that night. Ultimately, Pampanito, Sealion, Queenfish, and Barb rescued a total of 149 Allied POWs (with Barb accounting for 14) before high seas and typhoon winds cut short the effort. A week later, while in the northern part of the Formosa Strait, she picked up a large convoy steaming south. The trio patrolled the Formosa Strait and the Chinese coast. As the landing party was paddling back to Barb, the next train came by, detonating the explosives. Barb believed her victim to be a Q ship, an innocent looking ship used to lure submarines into traps. The Barb had begun her northeasterly track about 16 hours before receiving this report. On 5 July, while in Aniwa Bay, Barb intercepted and sank the small cargo ship Sapporo Maru No. ); cpl. He was promoted to rear admiral in 1960. A cloud cover was building to hide the three-quarters moon. He named his dog Calvin Coolidge, and inspired by the admonition to excel, he finished high school at age 15. On her ninth patrol, Barb joined Queenfish (SS-393) and Tunny (SS-282) in just such a group dubbed "Ed's Eradicators" for its commander, Capt. Unyo suffered 26 of her crew killed, but 707 were rescued by the Japanese (there are discrepancies in how many passengers were aboard Unyo, with reports of between 200 and 800 lost, although 200 is probably more accurate). The rockets landed in the target area but started no fires, and damage could not be assessed. In recognition of this outstanding patrol, Commander Fluckey was awarded the Medal of Honor and Barb received the Presidential Unit Citation. Japanese records of this attack disappeared at some point, and the post-war Joint Army-Navy Assessment Committee (JANAC) only gave Barb credit for sinking Taikyo Maru. On 3 December 1951, she was recommissioned and assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, operating out of Key West, Florida. Barb (SS-220) in San Francisco Bay, near the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 3 May 1945. This Japanese warship swept the water with a powerful searchlight, illuminated Barb, and followed up with a gun barrage.
Returning to the Pacific, she commenced her 12th and final patrol on 8 June. "He also wanted former Boy Scouts because he thought they could find their way back. Fluckey observed three hits followed by a spectacular explosion, which he noted "far surpassed Hollywood..." as Anyo Maru disintegrated in pyrotechnic display resembling a gigantic phosphorous bomb. The escorts illuminated Barb with searchlights; in her haste to submerge, the submarine shipped heavy seas and plummeted to 375 feet. Fluckey reasoned that, because Barb was so close inshore, she had to create instant confusion if she were to succeed in covering the ensuing hour long seaward run she would need to reach deep water. For her 11th war patrol, Barb teamed up again with Queenfish and Picuda in "Loughlin's Loopers" and departed Midway on 19 December. His book Thunder Below! As part of Operation "Torch," Barb conducted a reconnaissance patrol off Safi and obtained valuable weather information for the Allied fleet. A postwar search of Japanese records revealed little information on the ships that Barb had attacked that day, but she did receive credit for sinking one cargo ship, the 5,224 ton freighter Taikyo Maru. Quickly bringing the ship's stern tubes to bear, he turned loose 4 more torpedoes into the enemy, obtaining 8 direct hits on 6 of the main targets to explode a large ammunition ship and cause inestimable damage by the resultant flying shells and other pyrotechnics. Attracted by the gunfire and explosions, several Japanese patrol boats chased Barb away. Her first opportunity to add to her scorecard came on 10 November when she fired a spread of torpedoes at a lone transport making the northern approach to Sasebo. With her bow tubes empty, Barb was forced under by a charging escort while Queenfish and Picuda continued the attack.
By Captain Emil Levine, U.S. This is claimed as the only ground combat on the Japanese Home Islands during World War II, and though Sakhalin is not now a Japanese island, in 1945, technically it was a “Home Island.”.
A red and black striped fish native to waters around Thailand and Malaysia. The keel of USS Barb was laid down on 7 June 1941 by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut. ...No married men would be included, except for Hatfield, He maneuvered until the tanker and carrier overlapped, fired six torpedoes, and rapidly turned to bring the stern tubes to bear. USS Barb (SS-220), a Gato-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the Barbus, a genus of ray-finned fish. In August 1945, Fluckey was ordered to Groton, Connecticut in September, to fit out the USS Dogfish (SS-350) and to be that submarine's Commanding Officer, upon her completion. The submarine, given to the Italian Navy in 1953 was actually an incredible veteran of World War II service with a heritage that never should have passed so unnoticed into the graveyards of the metal recyclers. There, she sank two small sailing ships with gunfire. Military tacticians estimated such an invasion would cost more than a million American casualties. Clearing the treacherous area at high speed, he brought the BARB through to safety and 4 days later sank a large Japanese freighter to complete a record of heroic combat achievement, reflecting the highest credit upon Commander Fluckey, his gallant officers and men, and the United States Naval Service.”. She was decommissioned there on 5 February; and, after alterations including topside streamlining and the addition of a snorkel, Barb was recommissioned on 3 August 1954, Coammander George E. Everly in command, but only for a brief period. Barb fired three torpedoes at a lone, high speed target on 2 June, but that aggressive enemy ship turned and ran down the torpedo track to counterattack with guns and depth charges. This is a reference to the Ping-hai report, indicating that TAMO-38 was held in ComInt. Barb’s next four patrols were unproductive, which was generally the case with the rest of the SUBRON 50 boats. H-041-2: USS Barb (SS-220) Sinks an Aircraft Carrier, Penetrates a Harbor, and Blows Up a Train. Fluckey, his gallant officers and men, and the U.S. Barb’s eighth war patrol, her first with Fluckey in command, was in the Sea of Okhotsk , north of Hokkaido, between 21 May and 9 July 1944. Sources include: Thunder Below! Hits exploded in a concentration of buildings but started no fires. Despite high seas and winds near typhoon force, Barb rescued 14 British and Australian prisoners from several small wooden rafts. This action ended her last war patrol, and Barb set course for Midway. As Barb was closing in on a Japanese tanker, Fluckey recognized that there was an escort carrier in the convoy. It represented one of the highlights of their efforts to date and became institutionalized in that culture, especially later in Miles's book. (Some analyses suggests that Barb, in fact, sank Gyokuyo Maru, but I’m not going to be able to sort it out.) Barb was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for the action, and Comdr. Based on the information about the channel, Fluckey assumed that the convoy would not steam at night, but anchor at Foochow and head toward Wechow the following day. Barb was credited with having sunk the third greatest tonnage of Japanese shipping destroyed during World War II, with 17 ships for 96,628 tons on her record. One of the ships was the Taikyo Maru, which was carrying ammunition, resulting in a massive explosion that sank the ship that killed 360 troops, 26 gunners, and 56 crewmen. The report included "GI COMMENT: On January 18 MOTA-32 CONVOY (Moji to Taketo) was in position 34-05N., 122-25E.
), A report of 23 January (1324 [JN-147-L]) links the destroyer Shiokaze with "CONVOY MOTA-32…at…(0200-640) on the 23rd. Catalog #: 19-N-83952. Also another convoy from around there, apparently going through our area. 31 January 1945 reported: "Ping-hai is operated by Technical Sergeant William M. Stewart, LJSMCR, and Ralph A. Martin, GM3C.". Barb operated as part of a wolfpack (“Ed’s Eradicators”) that included Queenfish (SS-393) and Tunny (SS-282).
He attacked two convoys at anchor 26 miles (42 km) inside the 20 fathom (37 m) curve on the China coast, totaling more than 30 ships. Barb then maneuvered to attack Hinode Maru No. 27'3"; dr. 15'3"; s. 20.25 k. Although the report was issued after the Barb attack, the context suggests TAMO-38 was previously noted (Reporting was in Tokyo time, ZULU plus 9. He had skillfully, and daringly, guided the Barb within 600 yards of the enemy beach. 121-18.8. USS Barb (SS-220 ), was commissioned on 8 July 1942, and initially assigned to Submarine Squadron 50, in which she was one of six U.S. submarines assigned to operate in the eastern Atlantic—based on a personal request from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to President Franklin Roosevelt, over the objection of Chief of Naval Operations Ernest J. The escort's depth charges rained down on Barb, but she escaped, cleared her patrol area on 28 June, and arrived at Midway on 5 July. Barb received the Presidential Unit Citation for the eighth through eleventh patrols and the Navy Unit Commendation for the twelfth patrol.
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