worm theory ship of theseus

As we move forwards, we distort the fables we hear or witness, and are distorted in similar ways. 6:51 - … (Again, use diagrams to explain all this).

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Allow me then to uproot the spiritual connotations, and present to you a different interpretation. 2 0 obj The aforementioned river, therefore, comprises different three-dimensional time-slices of itself while remaining numerically identical to itself across time; one can never step into the same river-time-slice twice, but one can step into the same (four-dimensional) river twice.

This particular problem is known as the sorities paradox (from the Greek word for ‘heap’): how many grains of sand make a heap?

2. alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds.

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U��3Z(�N��N8��:8��P��(�%FJ���E8�Z��4��9:*�D�%�ŕ��nd���ɀ��:��2Z-J$�f� D��X���c��"�`@)��᭍� |��=��F�~ [��H:�����L�\���>k��^����r���%i\�0B���[email protected]�qBrC9W=���C�g;QH�ȁ涰$p�:��'���抋Nj���1�]�#��>+�O� T����i����3�c��[��MX�+�16. As we grow, it is not merely our own stories that we accumulate and move forwards. To the uninitiated, the experiment goes as such — the Ship of the great hero Theseus is set in a harbor, as a means for the common people to witness the owner’s heroism. * It is the same ship if other people think it’s the same ship.

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500–400 BC. In both philosophy of law and practical law, the thought puzzle appears when the ownership of an object or of the rights to its name are disagreed in court. ), 28.

During the course of this journey, parts of the ship wear out. In the metaphysics of identity, the ship of Theseus is a thought experiment that raises the question of whether an object that has had all of its components replaced remains fundamentally the same object. 6:44 - 6:47 is that ordinary objects like ships. if it is a new ship when all the parts are replaced then at what point does it become a new ship? For example, groups of people such as companies, sports teams, and musical bands may all change their parts and see their old members re-form into rivals, leading to legal actions between the old and new entities. • Already American vessels had been searched, seized, and sunk. And the voyage is singular.

%äüöß Many of the children will have been thinking along these lines already and it can be reassuring for those children to find that there is a whole tradition of thinking about these ideas stretching back many hundreds – in some cases thousands – of years. When doing philosophy with children they may begin to lose interest if the discussions remain too abstract or irrelevant to their own experience, so it is often good to begin with concrete examples, such as – in this chapter – a scenario with a ship where the philosophical problems always have a concrete reference for the children to test them out.

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As the parts of the ship are replaced, the identity of the ship gradually changes, as the name "Theseus' Ship" is a truthful description only when the historical memory of Theseus' use of the ship—his physical contact with, and control of, its matter—is accurate.

Each of these insights can lead to further related discussions in themselves. p���J*�8��Q��-K�#cg9

In the essay “Will Tommy Vladek Survive?” John Perry described a controversial topic on identity by analyzing an essay called The Meeting by Frederik Pohl and C.M. Also, making the discussions about the children in some way can keep them engaged with the issues. Consequently, the ship’s planks had deteriorated and were replaced one by one. [9] Cognitive science would treat this thought puzzle as the subject of a biological investigation, as a mental phenomenon internal to the human brain. Hobbes' proposed restored ship built from the original parts will be the original ship, as its parts are the actual pieces of matter that participated in Theseus's journeys.

William James – On the Will to Believe, 56. At this stage of my life, I can look back and see my past selves as entirely distinct individuals, each radically opposed to another. =ol�8��? Also, texts and computer programs may be edited gradually but so heavily that none of the original remains, posing the legal question of whether the owners of the original have any claim on the result. For example, one may read the triumph of a lone hero who journeys across enemy lines to defeat the demon lord which opposes humanity and revel in it. The participant (seen below) is shocked to see another Dream stand, whilst they attend the wake of Dream, and it is revealed to him that you cannot kill the personification of an action. [6], Ted Sider and others have proposed that considering objects to extend across time as four-dimensional causal series of three-dimensional "time-slices" could solve the ship of Theseus problem because, in taking such an approach, all four-dimensional objects remain numerically identical to themselves while allowing individual time-slices to differ from each other. The concept is one of the oldest in Western philosophy, having been discussed by the likes of Heraclitus and Plato by ca. Every time a piece of the ship needed replacing it was replaced with a metal part.

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Response question: does that mean that when there is only one piece of the original ship left it is still the old ship? Temple of Apollo at Didyma  The Greeks built the Temple of Apollo at Didyma, Turkey (about 300 bc).

… I would ask the children to imagine that the ship has 100 parts.

(And what are we? This particular version of the thought puzzle was first introduced in Greek legend as reported by the historian, biographer, and essayist Plutarch: The ship wherein Theseus and the youth of Athens returned from Crete had thirty oars, and was preserved by the Athenians down even to the time of Demetrius Phalereus, for they took away the old planks as they decayed, putting in new and stronger timber in their places, insomuch that this ship became a standing example among the philosophers, for the logical question of things that grow; one side holding that the ship remained the same, and the other contending that it was not the same.

Here are some suggestions of how it can be done: Show two photographs next to each other of a person as a young child and as an old person. According to the bisection paradox, in order to walk across a room and reach the opposite side, one must first walk halfway across the room. If it suddenly changed into metal then it would be different, but if it changes gradually then it is the same ship because, at each stage of change, it is related to the old ship in that it is only minutely different. If not, then when does it become the new ship? Krishna, the Hindu God, too makes a similar point in his song, the Song of God (known more famously as the Bhagvad Gita). It gives us a feeling of emptiness in our stomach when we realize the vast, vastness of it is incomprehensible. Throughout this paper I will argue the stance that Theseus’ ship is not the same ship nor has it ever been the same ship the second it left the port in which it was built. The core story is the book itself, Ship of Theseus by V. M. Straka, published in 1949, which is a story about an amnesiac, known only as S., who's trying to figure out who he really is after waking up in a strange city.

An action that may have seemed just and reasonable at the time we were committed to it, may fade into a source of scorn to the person one becomes right after, eventually becoming just a story to the person we are now, divorced from the passion of the moment. Theseus and the Scavenger arrive in Athens at the same time. *�v���fdn�||�r�j%��k��[�B��R�D�,�`�X �� 㺝q���Z�����3�?f"��G�#-�ߑ��D*Άb]�Pſd���$n�$�V����l�l��׋NN��������?� ������S0�i3j��Yzd��ڒ�Mi[ŀMg)Ď��όn2����~����qE~�, That the ship is different the moment the first plank is replaced because any change would result in a different ship, That the ship is different only when the last piece has been replaced because only then is there none of the original ship left. For example, if someone says that it would be the new ship when more than half the parts are replaced, test it: so are you saying that it is a new ship when it has 51 metal parts and only 49 wooden ones? One of the most intriguing thought experiments that I have come across in my life is the Ship of Theseus. The concept is one of the oldest in Western philosophy, having been discussed by the likes of Heraclitus and Plato by ca. Identity can be defined as all of those things and an infinite amount of others.

Personal identity theory is a theory that questions our existence philosophically: it asks who we are and how do we know? He proposed a version of the following thought experiment to anyone who would entertain that the metal ship is the same as the wooden ship: On board the ship was a sailor who really wanted his own ship but could not afford one. In poem 85 as discussed above, Catullus also makes use of paradoxes stating I love and I hate. It is supposed that the famous ship sailed by the hero Theseus in a great battle was kept in a harbor as a museum piece, and as the years went by some of the wooden parts began to rot and were replaced by new ones; then, after a century or so, every part had been replaced. For example, the museum curator, before any restoration, may say with perfect truthfulness that the bed in the captain's cabin is the same bed in which Theseus once slept; but once the bed has been replaced, this is no longer true, and the claim would then be an imposture, because a different description would be more accurate, i.e.

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